Anal Fissures: Information and Exercises

Anal Fissures: Information and Exercises

What are Anal Fissures?

Anal fissures are tiny tears in the soft tissue lining the anal canal. These tears will often cause bleeding and severe pain, especially during bowel movements. Anal fissures will usually occur when passing hard or large stool, chronic diarrhea, childbirth, and inflammation of the anorectal area. It is common in young infants however it can affect people of all ages. While most anal fissures can be treated with at-home treatments, in some rare cases they may require surgery.

What are Symptoms for Anal Fissures?

Symptoms for anal fissures are pain during and after bowel movements, which can last several hours, blood on stool or toilet paper, itching or irritation around the anus, visible crack in the skin, or a small lump or skin tag near the anal fissure. Medical attention is recommended if experiencing pain during bowel movements or if blood is present on stool. While most anal fissures will heal on their own there are a few complications that can occur. Anal fissures that do not heal within six weeks are considered chronic and will require further treatment. Those who have experienced anal fissures once are more prone to recurrence. The most severe complication is if the tear extends to the surrounding muscles; this causes the anal fissure to heal more slowly and will typically require medications or surgery to reduce the pain (Anal fissure, 2017, August 18).

What are Exercises to Prevent Anal Fissures?

There are certain exercises that people can do to help reduce the chance of getting an anal fissure as well as relieve pain. The first is yoga–poses like Dhanurasana, Pavanamukta asana, and Trikonasana can stimulate the abdominal area, relieving constipation. In addition, moderate-intensity exercises like walking can help heal fissures by encouraging regular bowel movements and limiting large stools from hardening. Exercise in general promotes blood flow in the body, which improves healing. (Thompson, S, 2017, August 14).

Anal Fissure Prevention

Since anal fissures are largely caused by complications when passing stool, keeping a regular and healthy diet will help lower chances of developing anal fissures. Maintaining a diet that consists of fiber will help prevent constipation and passing dry, hard stool. Fiber comes from fruits and vegetables; 20 to 35 grams of fiber should be consumed per day. Foods like wheat bran, oat bran, whole grain, peas and beans, seeds and nuts, citrus fruits, and prune juice are examples of high fiber foods. In addition, staying hydrated daily will also help constipation. Overall, maintaining healthy bowel habits will help prevent anal fissures.

If you are suffering from the symptoms of anal fissures seek medical attention at West Coast Colorectal. Located in Pasadena, California, Doctor Gabriel Akopian will help relieve the pain caused by anal fissures with the best treatment for your case. Call (626) 788-4095 to make an appointment today.


Anal fissure. (2017, August 18). Retrieved September 08, 2017, from


Thompson, S. (2017, August 14). Exercises for an Anal Fissure. Retrieved September 08, 2017, from

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